Indiana, Lake county, extreme northwest Indiana, U.S. It lies at the southern end of Lake Michigan, east of Chicago. In 1906 the town - named for Elbert H. Gary, chief organizer of the United States Steel Corporation - was laid out as an adjunct of the company's vast new manufacturing complex. The site was chosen because it lay on navigable water midway between the iron ore beds to the north and the coal region to the south. Large areas were drained, sand dunes removed, and a meandering river rerouted. Steelworks were then built along the lakeshore, with the town to the south. The Gary Land Company, a U.S. Steel subsidiary, laid out its part of the town, constructed the streets and sidewalks, installed the sewage system, and built the waterworks and electric plant. The first ore boat arrived on July 23, 1908, and steel production began early the following year. Although Gary has some diversified manufacturing (petroleum products, chemicals, fabricated metal and machinery), it is essentially a one-industry city and has periodically suffered from declines in steel production and labour disputes. During World War I a sizable number of African Americans moved north to work in Gary, and by the 1930s theyconstitutedone-sixth of Gary's population. World War II drew many more, and in 1967 Richard G. Hatcher became one of the first African Americans to be elected mayor of a major U.S. city. Gary was the scene of a significant early-20th-century development in public education when William Wirt established the work-study-play school, popularly known as the platoon school, designed to attract underprivileged children. The city has experienced a significant economic decline since the 1960s. Manufacturing slumped overall, and employment at the USX (formerly U.S. Steel) Gary Works fell from more than 20, 000 at midcentury to some 7, 500 at century's end; many other businesses closed as a result. Racial tensions also affected the city. A new civic centre in Gary's downtown area was completed in the early 1980s, and by the early 21st century a number of other efforts to revitalize the city were under way. Gary is the seat of Indiana University Northwest (1922). Inc. town, 1906; city, 1909. Pop. (2000) 102, 746; Gary Metro Division, 675, 971; (2010) 80, 294; Gary Metro Division, 708, 070.Steel Yard baseball stadium, Gary, Ind. John Delano
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Everything You Need to Know About Buying a New Garage Door
Replacing your garage door is one of the best value investments you can make to your home.
Buying a new garage door is a once- or twice-in-a-lifetime project for most homeowners. If the time has come to replace yours, either as part of a remodel or because the old one has outlived its useful life, you are likely in unfamiliar territory. In this article, we'll help you understand the many aspects of buying a garage door so you can choose the perfect one for your home with confidence.
Replacing your garage door is one of the best value investments you can make to your home. According to Remodeling Magazine's 2015 Cost vs. Value Report, which estimates the return on investment of remodeling projects, the benefit of replacing your garage door is second only to replacing your front door. When it comes to increasing curb appeal, newer, more attractive doors are clearly a winner. Here are the six most important factors to consider for your new garage door.
Garage doors don't have to be an expensive investment. Prices start at less than $500 for a single car garage door and under $100 for a simple garage door opener. From there, they go up based on size, material, insulation levels and decorative elements, plus the horsepower and features of your garage door opener. A standard two-car garage door with an automatic opener and professional installation will typically run somewhere between $1,500 and $2,000.
Before you begin your quest for a new garage door, measure your garage's opening. You should do this even though a professional will be installing the door for you, because size will be the best guide for determining how much your door will cost and what style and materials are going to work best for you.
The next step is to determine the right material for you. The material you choose affects the look, longevity and maintenance requirements of your door. The four main types of material are steel, aluminum, wood and composite wood.
Steel is the most popular material, as it has the widest range of options in color, insulation and price. Modern steel doors can be embossed with wood grain patterns to give you the look of wood without the maintenance. They can also be painted to match the exterior of your home. Steel is also a very durable option, as it doesn't warp or crack. Most doors are hot-dipped galvanized steel with the primer baked on, meaning it won't rust or require frequent repainting. The biggest drawback to steel, however, is that it can dent-and when it does, it's not a simple repair. To mitigate this, consider a lower gauge steel door. The lower the gauge number, the thicker the steel, and the less susceptible it is to denting. Top-quality steel doors usually are at least 24 gauges.
Aluminum is a good choice if you want a more modern-looking door. An aluminum frame paired with frosted or clear glass or acrylic panels creates a striking aesthetic. It is also rust-resistant and extremely lightweight. Aluminum, however, is even more susceptible to dents than steel.
Wood offers a truly signature look and is hard to beat for superior curb appeal. Although they come with a higher price tag and higher maintenance requirements, they can be easily painted or stained to achieve the exact look you want. Wood doors are less susceptible to accidental damage and can be more easily repaired. Additionally, when properly cared for, they offer expectation durability.
Composite Wood is an excellent alternative to real wood because it is durable and low-maintenance. These doors often have a steel interior and a faux wood composite overlay to achieve the benefits of steel with the look of wood.
Once you've decided on your size and material, you can determine whether you want to buy a ready-made door or if you'll need to have one configured to fit your specific needs. Many retailers offer online tools that you can use to put together the ideal garage door.
Should you insulate your garage door? Yes! If the garage is attached to the house, insulation is an added layer of defense against wasted energy. This is especially important if you have a room above your garage.
When you are shopping for a door, you may see the following insulation options:
Single layer doors -no added insulation
Double layer doors -polystyrene insulation
Triple layer doors -polystyrene or polyurethane insulation. Polyurethane is a liquid that expands and hardens, offering a higher insulation value than polystyrene, which is cut to fit the door panel.
All insulation has an 'R-value.' The higher the R-value, the better the insulation. As well as improving energy efficiency, insulation also helps reduce noise, improve security (as it makes the door stronger) and increase durability.
While the material you choose will largely dictate your style, there are other additional features to consider, including windows, hardware and paneling, all of which can increase the elegance of your garage door. A popular style right now is the carriage door (pictured above). Additionally, window designs that incorporate wrought iron, arches or grills can transform the look of an ordinary garage door and help your home stand out from the crowd.
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Closely Related Topics: Affordable Residential Garage Door Repair
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